Current Partners of the CLME+ ICM

Wondering what “CLME+ ICM” means?

The “Interim Coordination Mechanism for the Sustainable Management, Use and Protection of shared Living Marine Resources in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems”, in short the “CLME+ ICM” or “ICM”, was formally established in June 2017.

The ICM aims to enhance regional coordination and collaboration, and support oversight and integration of actions on the marine environment, including (but not necessarily limited to) those leading to the implementation of the politically endorsed 10-year CLME+ Strategic Action Progamme (SAP).

A copy of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing the CLME+ ICM can be obtained here.

The CLME+ SAP membership currently consists of 8 Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO’s) with an oceans-related mandate for the wider Caribbean region.

The UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project Coordination Unit serves as the Secretariat to the ICM. ICM Chairmanship and Co-Chairmanship is currently exercised by respectively IOCARIBE of the IOC of UNESCO and UNEP CEP.



The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was established by a Treaty in Chaguaramas, Trinidad on 4th July 1973, as the replacement of the Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFA). CARICOM’s mission is “To provide dynamic leadership and service, in partnership with Community institutions and Groups, toward the attainment of a viable, internationally competitive and sustainable Community, with improved quality of life for all”



The Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) was established by a Treaty signed by the Heads of Government of the CARICOM at their Thirteenth Inter-sessional Meeting in Belize City, on 4 February 2002. It was inaugurated on 26 March 2003 in Belize. The organisation’s mission includes the promotion and facilitation of the responsible utilization of the region’s fisheries and other aquatic resources for the economic and social benefits of the current and future population of the region.

The Fisheries and Aquaculture Organization for the Central American Isthmus (OSPESCA) is integrated by governmental authorities of Central America, and was established in San Salvador on 18th December 1995 with the purpose of promoting the development and management coordination of the regional fishery and aquaculture activities, while adding to the heightened strengthening and integration of Central-American countries. To do this OSPESCA promotes a sustainable and coordinated development of fisheries and aquacultures in the frame by defining and approving policies, programmes and regional projects



As a part of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission (WECAFC) acts as a regional fishery body with an advisory mandate (scientific and/or management) within the region. WECAFC was established in 1973 by Resolution 4/61 of the FAO Council.





The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) was established by a Treaty signed at Basseterre, St. Kitts & Nevis on 18th June 1981. The mission of the OECS is to “contribute to the sustainable development of OECS Member States by supporting their strategic insertion into the global economy while maximizing the benefits accruing from their collective space”.



The Caribbean Environmental Programme (CEP) is one of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) administered Regional Seas Programmes based in Kingston, Jamaica and provides the programmatic framework for the Cartagena Convention (Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region). The CEP is managed by and for the countries of the Wider Caribbean Region through the Caribbean Action Plan (1981) outlining regional environmental challenges.

IOCARIBE is a regional subsidiary body of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). It is the IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions and is responsible for the promotion, development and co-ordination of IOC marine scientific research programmes, the ocean services, and related activities, including training, education and mutual assistance (TEMA) in the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions. In order to establish its programmes, it takes into account the specific interests and needs of the Member States in the region. This Sub-Commission of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, was created in November 1982.



The Central American Commission for Environment and Development (CCAD) was established in 1989 with the mission of developing a regional regime for environmental cooperation and integration that contributes to improving the quality of life of the populations of its Member States. Its actions are framed in Central America’s Regional Environmental Plan (PARCA), a medium- and long-term strategy that focuses directly on environmental challenges in the region. PARCA 2005-2010 focuses on 2 strategic areas: Pollution control and prevention; Conservation and sustainable use of natural heritage. PARCA III (2010-2015).



What about other organizations?

With the CLME+ ICM at its center, the forthcoming “Global CLME+ Partnership” will bring together stakeholders from various sectors of society, to work as complements of each other and act collaboratively towards the furtherance of the long-term vision for the Wider Caribbean: “a healthy marine environment that supports the well-being, livelihoods and sustainable socio-economic development of the peoples and the countries of the region.

Prospective partners that have expressed a (preliminary) interest in joining the Global CLME+ Partnership (once formally established) include:

Caribbean Biological Corridor

The Caribbean Biological Corridor (CBC) initiative, which began in 2007 with a political declaration from the ministers of the environment of Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, aims to make an important contribution to the long-term conservation of biodiversity based on ecosystems connectivity across countries and beyond political boundaries. The CBC is funded by the European Union (EU) and is supported by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). The impact in the region has been so positive that in recent years new countries had shown their interest to adhere themselves to this initiative, such as Costa Rica, which in 2016 became member of the Caribbean Biological Corridor.

Caribbean Biodiversity Fund

The Caribbean Biodiversity Fund – CBF – is a regional Environmental Fund established in 2012 to provide a sustainable flow of resources for the conservation, protection and maintenance of biodiversity in the Caribbean. The CBF mobilises resources and channels support to partner National Conservation Trust Funds (NCTFs) and directly to selected national and regional projects. Currently, the CBF manages approximately USD 70 million through a conservation focused endowment (43 million) and a sinking fund to support Ecosystem-based Adaptation (26.5 million).

The Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) was founded in 1947 to promote the exchange of current information on the use and management of marine resources in the Gulf and Caribbean region. From its beginning, GCFI has endeavored to involve scientific, governmental, and commercial sectors to provide a broad perspective on relevant issues, and to encourage dialogue among groups that often operate in relative isolation from one another. For 37 years, GCFI operated as an informal association under the sponsorship of the University of Miami. In 1985, with encouragement from the University, GCFI became an independent not-for profit corporation formally dedicated to its original purposes.

Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute

The Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (CERMES) promotes and facilitates sustainable development in the Caribbean and beyond. CERMES has a strong focus on tropical island environmental management and its mission is to make a significant contribution to sustainable development in the Caribbean region. This Centre is a department within the Faculty of Science and Technology on the University of The West Indies Cave Hill Campus in Barbados.



The Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI) is a non-profit technical institute with thirty years’ experience of research, policy influence and capacity building for participatory natural resource governance in the Caribbean. It is highly regarded both regionally and internationally. In 2009, CANARI became the first Caribbean organisation to receive the MacArthur Award for Creative and Effective Institutions.

CANARI was established under its present name in 1989 but evolved out of a 1976 initiative of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources that became known as the Eastern Caribbean Natural Area Management Programme.