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Covering over 70% of the planet, our oceans have tremendous economic, social and ecological value. They provide over US$1 trillion annually to the world economy in market goods and services and many times that in non-market amenities. Services provided by marine ecosystems include food security, tourism opportunities, carbon sequestration and coastal protection.
Recognizing the critical need for global action to ensure the sustainability of our oceans, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has provided tremendous support to ocean governance. Since its establishment over 24 years ago, the GEF, the largest investor in transboundary water cooperation, has financed over US$1.5B in grants to over 170 states.
This publication highlights how the GEF has worked with partners to improve ocean governance by working across nations to promote ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries and other marine and coastal resources, protect coastal habitats from land based sources of pollution, and catalyze the formation of country driven, country owned and — ultimately — country financed regional institutional frameworks.
Keywords: marine habitats
Gaps in Protection of Important Ocean Areas: A Spatial Meta-Analysis of Ten Global Mapping Initiatives
To safeguard biodiversity effectively, marine protected areas (MPAs) should be sited using the best available science. There are numerous ongoing United Nations and nongovernmental initiatives to map globally important marine areas. The criteria used by these initiatives vary, resulting in contradictions in the areas identiﬁed as important. Our analysis is the ﬁrst to overlay these initiatives, quantify consensus, and conduct gap analyses at the global scale. We found that 55% of the ocean has been identiﬁed as important by one or more initiatives, and that individual areas have been identiﬁed by as many as seven overlapping initiatives.
Author: Gownaris, N., Santora, C., Davis, J. and Pikitch, E.
Keywords: biodiversity, fisheries, marine habitats
The Guidance Document is a reference source and a guide for GEF IW projects and contains step-by-step guidance on the economic valuation of ecosystem services of inland and marine “wet” ecosystems, with a focus on easily applicable and pragmatic valuation approaches. The guidance is usable for both screening and in-depth analyses, and supports the stepwise process leading from Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA) to the Strategic Action Programme (SAP).
Besides, the Guidance Document contains templates for reports, ToRs for experts to support the valuation work, a checklist for the valuation itself, and a full set of training materials including exercises for a better understanding of crucial steps in the economic valuation methodologies.
Author: CLME+ PCU
Keywords: GEF-IWEco Project Countries
Gender analysis approach to identify the capacity gaps of men and women, especially youth, in relation to fisherfolk leadership
Organizational leadership is one of the most important roles of both women and men in the fishing industry. Empowerment of fisherfolk organization and strengthening or development of their capacity, especially in relation to leadership, is important to the successful implementation of the 2014 Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines) and the realization of sustainable fisheries. UWI-CERMES will conduct gender analyses within the fishing industries of four StewardFish project countries – Jamaica, Barbados, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Guyana – for identifying gaps in capacity of women, men and youth with regards to fisherfolk leadership. The findings of the analyses will be used to inform the development, update and/or adaptation of leadership training specifically for women and youth (both male and female). This report provides an outline of the proposed gender analysis methodology for the target project countries.
Keywords: StewardFish; Small Scale Fisheries; Gender Gender Mainstreaming, fisheries
This document presents the findings and conclusion from the virtual stakeholder consultation for the Gender Mainstreaming in Caribbean Fisheries Initiative.
Keywords: gender, fisheries
The GIWA assessment evaluated the relative importance of diﬀerent impacts on the international aquatic system of the Small Islands subsystem. The environmental and socio-economic impacts were assessed for present and future conditions, and overall impacts and priorities were identiﬁed. The concerns for the Small Islands sub-system were ranked in the descending order:
2. Habitat and community modiﬁcation
4. Freshwater shortage
5. Unsustainable exploitation of ﬁsh and other living resources
The GIWA assessment determined that the concern of Global change exerted the greatest impacts on the Small Islands sub-system. However, since it is an international concern addressed through other initiatives (e.g. the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), Habitat and community modiﬁ cation was selected as the GIWA priority concern for further analysis in the Causal chain and Policy options analysis.
Author: Bernal, M.C., Londoño, L.M., Troncoso, W., SierraCorrea, P.C. and F.A. Arias-Isaza.
Global International Waters Assessment Regional assessment 3b, 3c Caribbean Sea/Colombia & Venezuela, Caribbean Sea/Central America & Mexico
This report presents the results of the GIWA assessment of the Colombia & Venezuela and Central America & Mexico sub-systems-located in the GIWA Region 3, The Caribbean Sea. The regional team identified habitat and community modification as the priority concern of both sub-systems. In the Colombia & Venezuela sub-system, coastal habitats are being degraded by a multitude of issues, particularly land-based sources of pollution. The transboundary ecosystems of the Central America & Mexico sub-systems have been severely degraded as a consequence of the agricultural and urban expansion, increased pollution loads and unsustainable forestry practices. The past and present pollution status and future prospects of these issues are discussed, and they are traced back to their root causes. Feasible policy options are proposed that target key components identified in the Causal Chain Analysis in order to minimize future impacts on the transboundary aquatic environment.
Author: Isaza, C.F.A., Sierra-Correa, P.C., Bernal-Velasquez, M., Londoño, L.M. and W. Troncoso.
Wetlands, such as lakes, rivers, swamps, marshes, peatlands, mangroves and coral reefs provide essential ecosystem services and contributions to people’s livelihoods. Wetlands act as a source and purifier of water, they protect us from floods, droughts and other disasters, they provide food and livelihoods to millions of people, they support rich biodiversity, and they store more carbon than any other ecosystem. Yet, the value of wetlands remains largely unrecognized by policy and decision-makers. The result is that 35% of wetlands, where data is available, have been lost since 1970, at a rate three times greater than that of forests.
Global Wetland Outlook State of the world´s wetlands and their services to people – Executive Summary 2018
Conservation and wise use of wetlands are vital for human livelihoods. The wide range of ecosystem services wetlands provide means that they lie at the heart of sustainable development. Yet policy and decision-makers often underestimate the value of their benefits to nature and humankind.
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The CLME+ Hub is an initiative of the Secretariat of the CLME+ Interim Coordination Mechanism (ICM), in collaboration with the members of the CLME+ ICM and CLME+ Project Executive Group (PEG) and (prospective) Partner Organizations. Development of the Hub has benefited from the financial support of the UNDP/GEF Project: “Catalysing Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the Sustainable Management of shared Living Marine Resources in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems” (CLME+ Project, 2015-2020). The CLME+ Project is executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in close collaboration with a large number of global, regional and national-level partners. For more information on the CLME+ Project click here
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