Mandates, structure, membership, work plans, meetings and achievements of the interim coordination mechanisms, and proposals and progress towards the creation of a permanent regional mechanism for ocean governance, and of a broader association of key actors.

”¬†Interactive Governance “

Is “the whole of interactions (among societal actors) taken to solve societal problems and to create societal opportunities”

Improvements in ocean governance at national, sub-regional and regional levels are vital for a successful achievement of SDG14 and other ocean-related SDGs.  The 10-year CLME+ Strategic Action Programme  (2015-2025) explicitly acknowledges weaknesses in ocean governance as one of the main root causes of ongoing degradation of the marine environment.

Given the high levels of fragmentation of ocean-related efforts in the wider Caribbean, the development of effective regional integrating and coordinating mechanisms is critically needed.

With the support of the UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project, 2 interim Coordination Mechanisms have been created, while the region works towards defining a Permanent Ocean Governance Coordination Mechanism and a prospective wide-ranging Partnership. 


The CLME+ SAP Interim Coordination Mechanism (ICM)

  • Establishment
  • Role
  • Members & Secretariat
  • Planning & Meeting Documents
  • Achievements


The CLME+ SAP ICM was formally established in 2017, through the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) by 8 Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO's) with an Oceans-related Mandate in the wider Caribbean.

The ICM responds to a call for action under the CLME+ Strategic Action Programme (SAP Strategy 3), and decision of the 1st Meeting of the UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project Steering Committee, held in 2016.


The ICM will enhance regional coordination and collaboration, and support oversight and integration of actions for sustainable fisheries and for the protection and sustainable use of the marine environment. ICM¬†will further promote the up-scaling of actions by all sectors of society, to achieve the long-term vision of the CLME+ SAP ¬†of¬†‚ÄúHealthy Marine Ecosystems that Provide Benefits and Livelihoods for the Peoples of the region‚ÄĚ

CLME+ SAP MoU Document: You are invited to find more information about the ICM in the CLME+ SAP MoU

CLME+ SAP ICM Rules and Regulations: click this link to access to more about the CLME+ SAP ICM Rules and Regulations


The ICM:

  1. Contributes to the coordinated implementation of the CLME+ SAP;
  2. Monitors and evaluates, and reports on SAP implementation, with a focus on (a) habitat degradation; (b) pollution; and (c) unsustainable fisheries while giving due attention to climate change

The ICM thereby

  • Contribute to consolidate the framework for Regional Ocean Governance in the CLME+ region
  • Leads the reporting on the ‚ÄúState of the Marine Ecosystems and associated Economies‚ÄĚ (SOMEE) for the CLME+ region
  • Catalyzes the progressive expansion of the Global CLME+ Alliance and Partnership,
  • Promotes coordinated communication, data and information sharing and dissemination of information
  • Develops, review, revise and report back to their constituencies on the implementation of functions under this CLME+ SAP MoU





The ICM Secretariat

The Project Coordination Unit of the UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project is currently acting as the Secretariat of the ICM. Contact:


The ICM and the UN Sustainable Development Goals

The ICM will support the countries of the CLME+ region in their efforts to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular SDG 14 (‚Äúto conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources‚ÄĚ), and other relevant international commitments.




1st Meeting28 October 2015Miami, USASummary of the Meeting
2nd Meeting8-9 September, 2016Miami, USASummary of the Meeting
3rd Meeting25-26 May, 2017Miami, USASummary of the Meeting
4th Meeting15-17 August 2018Miami, USASummary of the Meeting
5th Meeting29 July - 2 AugustPanama City, PanamaSummary of the Meeting
6th Meeting16-17 September 2019Cartagena de Indias, ColombiaSummary of the Meeting
7th Meeting18-30 March 2020Virtual MeetingSummary of the Meeting
8th Meeting21 - 22 September 2020Virtual MeetingMeeting Agenda
Meeting Decisions 
Summary of the Meeting
9th MeetingNovember 2020 (to be confirmed)Virtual MeetingMeeting Agenda
10th MeetingFebruary 2021 (to be confirmed)Virtual Meeting


ICM Work Programme for the September 2020 - March 2021 period

"The ICM Work Programme" list the issues on which Strategic Discussion & Decision-making by the representatives of the ICM Members and Secretariat is required (with associated timeline). The current Work Programme covers the period September 2020 - March 2021, thus listing all matters to be dealt with by the ICM between now and 31 March 2021.

Kindly access to the programme using this link

ICM 2020-21 Work Plan

"The ICM Work Plan" lists the activities (i.e. the "real work") to be undertaken by the ICM Membership and Secretariat. As the content of the Work Plan is derived from and based on the decisions and recommendations from the ICM representatives, it covers the same time period as the Work Programme (which currently is: September 2020 - March 2021)

Access to this Work Plan by clicking here

*This section is under construction and will be regularly updated to reflect the ongoing work of the ICM. Please come back regularly! 

This section will be progressively developed to highlight the achievements of the Interim Coordination Mechanism.

Currently, we provide a link to the early assessment report produced in 2019. 

The Interim Fisheries Coordination Mechanism (IFCM)

  • Establishment
  • Role
  • Members & Secretariat
  • Workplan & Meeting Reports
  • Achievements

The establishment of the IFCM is a recognition of the commitment to CLME+ SAP Vision.

"Healthy marine ecosystems in the CLME+ Region that are adequately valued and protected through robust, integrative and inclusive governance arrangements at regional, subregional, national and local levels, which in turn effectively enable adaptive management that maximizes, in a sustainable manner, the provision of goods and services in support of enhanced livelihoods and human well-being"

The CLME+ IFCM establishment was a call from the CLME+ SAP Under Strategy 2, Action 2.1(A), especially requesting the creation of an interim fisheries coordination arrangement for sustainable fisheries development. 


To enhance the regional governance for sustainable fisheries, facilitate, support, and strengthen the coordination of actions among the organizations for sustainable fisheries in the Wester Central Atlantic Region.

To read more on the IFCM please download the IFCM MoU here


  • To promote coordination and cooperation in identified priorities in the CRFM OSPESCA Joint Action Plan, including the technical Working Groups;
  • To collaborate to ensure a free flow of mutually useful information and data concerning fish stocks, fisheries activities and the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems.
  • To facilitate the work among the members of the Parties towards harmonization
  • To cooperate with relevant scientific and fisheries management projects
  • To establish reciprocal observer arrangements¬†
  • To share reports of their sessions and meetings of their subsidiary bodies and projects that are relevant for each other's work



The IFCM Work Plan is a living document that is regularly updated. Please click here to see its latest update.


1st Meeting3 September 2015Bridgetown, BarbadosSummary of the Meeting
2nd Meeting2 December 2015Summary of the Meeting
3rd Meeting24 June 2016Guadeloupe, French IslandSummary of the Meeting
4th Meeting28 February 2017Bridgetown, BarbadosSummary of the Meeting
5th Meeting2 October 2017Miami, USASummary of the Meeting
6th Meeting23 March 2018Santo Domingo, Dominican RepublicSummary of the Meeting
7th Meeting18 August 2018Santo Domingo, Dominican RepublicSummary of the Meeting
8th Meeting27 March 2019Bridgetown, BarbadosSummary of the Meeting
9th Meeting19 July 2019Miami, USASummary of the Meeting
10th Meeting21 May 2020TeleconferenceMaterials will be available soon

*This section is under construction and will be regularly updated to reflect the ongoing work of the IFCM. Please come back regularly! 

This section will be progressively developed to highlight the achievements of the Interim Coordination Mechanism.

Currently, we provide a link to the early assessment report produced in 2019. 



  • Decision Making on the CM
  • Mandate (Objectives)
  • Functions
  • Structure & Governance


A  milestone decision on Ocean Governance for the Wider Caribbean was obtained during the UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project Steering Committee (PSC) Meeting celebrated from 16 to 18 June 2020, where more than 20 countries along with 14 organizations from the Wider Caribbean region convened to lay out the foundations for a regional "Ocean Governance" Coordination Mechanism.

During the subsequent, Special Session of the CLME+ PSC, celebrated from 20 to 21 October 2020, countries and regional organizations made substantial progress towards delivering the full text for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) through which the Coordination Mechanism will be created, with only a limited number of remaining matters to be resolved.

Further negotiations are now being planned, with the aim of achieving formal endorsement of the full MoU text by March 2021. 

The CM will seek to enhance collaboration and coordination for the conservation and sustainable use of the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems. In connection to this decision, members of the Steering Committee decided in key aspects of this Coordination Mechanism, which was requested under Action 3.2 of SAP CLME+


The CLME+ Project Steering Committee:

Having convened the intersessional UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project Steering Committee Meeting virtually utilizing the Kudo Meeting Platform from 16-18 June, with a total of 114 participants representing 22 countries and 16 organizations and Chaired by Panama with the Deputy Chairperson from Trinidad and Tobago and the Rapporteur from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines;

Noting the Declaration of the Delegation of Colombia relative to the decisions of the CLME+ Project Steering Committee on the Coordination Mechanism. Click here to read the declaration.

Have convened in the following recommendations and decisions related to the Coordination Mechanism;

Decisions on the core aspects:


  1. Reiterates the importance of proceeding with the setting-up of a Coordination Mechanism

¬† 2. Supports and endorses in principle the text included in document ‚ÄúPSC2006_AG5.1 Core Aspects of the Coordination Mechanism‚ÄĚ and recognizes that further refinement may be needed as the draft Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) is further negotiated.

Decisions on the establishment of the agreement:


  1. Supports the use of a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding as the preferred modality for expressing the intent to create the Coordination Mechanism
  2. Supports the formation of a drafting group, with representation from legal and technical expertise, to advance the work on the draft Memorandum of Understanding for the creation of the Coordination Mechanism
  3. Requests the CLME+ Project Coordination Unit (PCU) to issue a call for interest for participating in the MoU drafting group.


  1. Acknowledges the proposed process and tentative timeline towards the creation and operationalisation of the Coordination Mechanism as presented by the CLME+ Project Coordination Unit (PCU) and as reflected in document ‚ÄúPSC2006_AI5.3 Process and TentativeTimeline‚ÄĚ
  2. Acknowledges the debriefing of the CLME+ PCU on the preliminary call for expressions of interest to host the secretariat of the Coordination Mechanism, noting an expression of interest submitted by the Government of Honduras


Participant ListRole
Antigua & Barbuda PSC Member
Bahamas PSC Member
BarbadosPSC Member
BelizePSC Member
ColombiaPSC Member
DominicaPSC Member
Dominican Republic PSC Member
Guatemala PSC Member
GuyanaPSC Member
HondurasPSC Member
JamaicaPSC Member
MéxicoPSC Member
PanamaPSC Member
St. Kitts & NevisPSC Member
Saint Lucia PSC Member
St. Vincent & GrenadinesPSC Member
SurinamePSC Member
Trinidad & TobagoPSC Member
France Observer
The Netherlands Observer
The United States of AmericaPSC Member
GCFI Observer
OECS CommissionPSC Member

The proposed Objectives of the Coordination Mechanism convened during the SCM of the CLME+ Project held in June 2020, are as follows:

  1. To support regional collaboration towards a coordinated approach to the conservation and sustainable use of the marine and coastal ecosystems and their goods and services;
  2. To support  coordinated and interactive ocean governance in support of attaining ocean-based sustainable development;
  3. To promote actions towards the achievement of the long-term vision [articulated in ] the CLME+ SAP, and other ocean-related international and regional goals and commitments of the Signatories;
  4. To promote partnerships with stakeholders from civil society and the private sector to facilitate and enhance efforts for the ecosystem based conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal resources and to support intersectoral coordination and collaboration.

Geographic Scope

The geographic scope of the Coordination Mechanism includes the Caribbean LME and the North Brazil Shelf LME.



Core functions:

1 - Facilitate programmatic coordination of ocean governance and support the monitoring of progress with ocean sustainability instruments, goals and commitments.

2 - Support the sustainable financing and coordinated resource mobilization for ocean governance.

3 - Facilitate the coordination of [regional] institutional and policy frameworks for ocean governance across multiple levels.

4 - Support, as requested,  national ocean governance, including national level coordination for oceans.

Complementary functions:

5 - Coordinate knowledge management and facilitate data and information sharing

6 - Coordinate outreach, awareness-raising, and stakeholder engagement

7 - Strengthen science-policy interfaces

8 - Explore new areas for collaboration (within IGO mandates)

9 - Engage in cooperation with the Gulf of Mexico LME.

Undertake such additional activities as may be  necessary to support the objectives of the Coordination Mechanism, as determined by the Signatories.


Proposed governance of the Coordination Mechanism

The Coordination Mechanism is proposed to be operated through three main elements:


  1. Steering Group ‚Äď composed of country representatives and the Chair of the Executive Group as a non voting Member
  2. Executive Group ‚Äď composed of IGO representatives (possible non voting member from SG)
  3. Secretariat ‚Äď Director, technical and administrative staff
  • Working Groups including experts and representatives from countries, IGO, non-state actors, academia etc. as necessary and appropriate


  • Proposed Mission & Goal
  • Proposed Objectives
  • Proposed Membership
  • Proposed key principles

In the context of the activities of the CLME+ Project, an early proposal has been developed of what could be a ‚ÄúGlobal Partnership for the Sustainable Management, Use and Protection of the living marine resources of the CLME+/wider Caribbean region‚ÄĚ (the "Partnership"). However, it is noted that this proposal needs to be further discussed, reviewed, and as applicable, revised by participants in the CLME+ Project.¬† This partnership is proposed to be an interactive, responsive, dynamic and evolving, voluntary non-legally binding long-term partnership arrangement for the stakeholders of the marine environment of the region.

Mission: To improve interactive and cooperative ocean governance, inter alia through integrated management of the shared living marine resources of the CLME+ region.

Goal: To facilitate the realization of the long-term vision of ‚Äúhealthy marine ecosystems that are adequately valued and protected through robust, integrative and inclusive governance arrangements at regional, sub-regional, national and local levels, effectively enabling adaptive management which maximizes, in a sustainable manner, the provision of goods and services in support of enhanced livelihoods and human well-being‚ÄĚ in the CLME+ region, within a horizon of 15 to 20 years.


  • Strengthen consensus among partners on approaches and strategies for addressing the threats to the marine environment as well as their root causes, and to exploit and promote the exploitation of sustainable marine-based socio-economic development opportunities and goals;¬†
  • Build confidence through collaborative projects and programmes;¬†
  • Support inter-governmental organizations with a formal mandate for the protection and sustainable use of the marine environment of the CLME+ region in the implementation of these formal mandates and the successful execution of associated work programmes;
  • Reduce regional disparities in capacities for the sustainable ocean and marine resources governance and management;

It is anticipated that the Partnership will be open to membership by Governments, Governmental Institutions, Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO’s), Civil Society, Private Sector, Academia, Communities and Influential Individuals, Financial Institutions and the Donor and Development Aid Community, at various levels.

Initially, the CLME+ SAP Interim Coordination Mechanism (ICM) is proposed to be at the core of this wider-ranging Partnership. In the near future, the ICM could then be replaced by -once established-  the Permanent Coordination Mechanism for integrated Ocean Governance.

Membership of the  Partnership could comprise interested and active stakeholders from within the CLME+/wider Caribbean region and from around the Globe who:

  • Subscribe to, and commit to actively, consistently and substantially contribute to the achievement of the long-term vision of a healthy marine environment that supports the livelihoods and well-being of the Peoples of the region;¬†
  • Acknowledge the need to embrace the concepts of, and support through their actions the adoption and implementation of Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) and an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF);
  • Acknowledge the importance of, and commit to adhere to and apply and/or promote, to the extent possible, the key guiding principles for good living marine resources management formulated under the 2015-2025 CLME+ SAP;
  • Agree and commit to support and contribute, to the extent possible, to the implementation of CLME+ SAP Strategies and Priority Actions, and/or those of associated Programmes, Projects, and Initiatives, based on and in alignment with their formal mandates, skills & experience and /or comparative advantages;
  • Agree and commit to communicate on and coordinate such action with relevant Members of the Partnership, in particular relevant parties under the Core Membership.

In the inital stages, membership may be by invitation.

  • An ecosystem-based approach [to fisheries management] should be applied, which maintains key characteristics of ecosystems in a way that sustains species and ecological processes while supporting human use for economic or social purposes.
  • The principle of sustainable development should be applied such that there is a prudent and rational utilization of living resources and the preservation of the rights of future generations to a viable environment.
  • The principle of adaptive management should be applied such that there is a systematic, rigorous approach for deliberately learning from management actions with the intent to improve subsequent management policy or practice. The principles of good governance should be applied, including participation, the rule of law, transparency, accountability, responsiveness, consensus building, equity, effectiveness and efficiency.
  • The principle of subsidiarity should be applied.
  • Risk management should be applied


Welcome to SOMEE

SOMEE content is still under development and is therefore not yet available online. However, you can already check for sample text and materials under the sections marked with an asterisk (*)