Wastewater: From Waste to Resource – The Case of PRODES, Brazil
Water supply and sanitation is the responsibility of municipalities in Brazil. Some municipalities provide services through public operation, while others outsource to private operation. Many of the municipalities receive funding for these projects from the central government through loans from national or international institutions. Before 2001, the central government provided funding for sanitation projects through input subsidies to both private and public entities. These input subsidies aimed to pay for part of the costs of establishing and maintaining wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs).