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SAP Strategies

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1.1 Establish and operationalise a formal agreement for coordinated action with BrazilYesUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatBasic ProgressLowThe UNEP Cartagena Convention Secretariat and the Brazilian Government have jointly worked on the content for the MoU to facilitate improved collaboration. This was preceded by formal missions and participation by delegates from the Government of Brazil at meetings of the Cartagena Convention Secretariat. Despite repeated efforts, the process is currently stalled due to what appears to be a lack of continued political interest by the Government of Brazil following a recent change in Administration. However, the Secretariat partnered with the University of Para in the development of the Regional Nutrients Pollution Reduction Strategy which includes the NE Brazil Shelf and Amazon Basin. It is hoped that this type of collaboration can continue through joint projects and activities while aiming to have a more formal legal agreement for cooperation. Discussions are ongoing with the UNEP Regional Office in Panama and national office in Brazil to assist with that process.2/6/2021CLME+
1.2 Establish and strengthen regional institutional coordination and cooperation arrangementsNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumUNEP through the Cartagena Convention Secretariat has signed MoUs with the following organizations: CRFM, Sargasso Sea Commission, BASEL Convention Secretariat, OECS, CARICOM (under development), IMO, CBD, CITES, RAMSAR and IAEA. UNEP is also part of the ICM under the CLME+ Project and is expected to play a key role in the Coordinating Mechanism. During the implementation of the CLME+ Project, new cooperation agreements were developed with GCFI to co-host the Caribbean Regional Marine Litter Node, The Ocean Foundation, CATHALAC, INVEMAR and the OSPAR Commission. Host Country agreements for the Convention's Regional Activity Centres have been completed with France for SPAW RAC, Trinidad and Tobago for the LBS RAC IMA and with Government of Curacao for RAC REMPEITC on Oil Spills. Negotiations are ongoing to finalize such an agreement with the Government of Cuba for LBS RAC CIMAB. Other agencies such as CWWA, CAWASA, UWI, CANARI, TNC, IUCN, NOAA, US EPA, CDB, World Bank and IDB have collaborated on joint projects and publications.2/6/2021CLME+, IWEco, CReW
1.3 Evaluate expansion and strengthening of the mandate of organizations to effectively address issues relating to habitat degradation and pollution in the marine environmentNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumMany regional and sub-regional agencies - including several NGOs are working to support marine biodiversity conservation and habitat degradation with varying mandates. As far as the control, reduction and prevention of pollution, much fewer agencies are working on this in an integrated matter with many focusing on only a few waste streams. In that regard, the Cartagena Convention Secretariat is focusing less on promoting the expansion of mandates but facilitating greater cooperation and synergies. The development of Regional Activity Centers and Networks in support of the Convention and Protocol and other networks such as between multiple networks of MPAs including CAMPAM supports this process. With the increasing impact of plastics, sargassum, and ocean acidification in particular, more agencies are involved in plastics projects such as IUCN as well as the promotion of nature based solutions such as TNC. 2/6/2021Core Mandate
1.4 Enhance the compliance and enforcement capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national governance arrangementsNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressMediumIn the design of new programmes, projects and activities as well as new internal and thematic strategies for the Secretariat, greater focus has been on strengthening governance mechanisms for enforcement. This has focussed on thematic issues such as wastewater, water resources management, marine protected areas, and solid waste and plastics management. Emphasis in the past has been also on developing model laws and guidelines. Future projects are taken a more integrated approach as far as enforcement and to provide specific support for updating national legislation and regulations as well as enforcement capacity.2/6/2021IWEco, CReW+, ACP MEA, Government of Germany/Plastics
1.5 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national governance arrangements for the involvement of civil society in the implementation of the EBM/EAF approach (IGOs, NGOs, CBOs, private sector...)NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumFor programmes, projects and activities e.g. In the development of UNEP CLME+ EBM sub-project and its ongoing implementation, civil society groups in Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname and Guyana have been actively engaged. Efforts are ongoing to ensure greater participation and representation of civil society in Secretariat organized meetings and to ensure that any material developed is effectively disseminated. EBM approaches to habitat degradation and pollution prevention are relatively new and more work is required at all levels to more effectively engage private sector and civil society in integrated planning processes. The new Strategy for the Secretariat promotes this integrated approach through tools such as Nature Based solutions, Marine Spatial Planning and Circular Economy. A new Strategic objective of the Secretariat on Ocean-Based or Blue Economies offers further opportunities for both EBM approaches and civil society and private sector involvement as well as the new Investment Plan developed under the CLME+ project.2/6/2021CLME+, IWEco, CLME+, ACP MEA, Core Mandate
1.9 Strengthen the capacity of the regional and sub-regional arrangements to support countries in becoming parties to relevant international and regional agreements and complying with their global and regional commitments towards the conservation of the marine environment (including the support to update and harmonize national legislation and regulations)NoCANARIGood ProgressMediumThe CLME+ People Managing Oceans Civil Society Strategic Action Plan (C-SAP) was developed to guide civil society's contribution to delivery of the CLME+ SAP. This document was developed through consultation with civil society organisations, fisherfolk organisations and community enterprises. It has been endorsed by 49 civil society organisations (37 CSOs, 4 FFOs and 8 SMEs) as of February 29, 2020. Outreach was conducted to promote the CLME+ People Managing Oceans C-SAP to governments, intergovernmental agencies, donors and civil society across the CLME+ region to catalyse and guide engagement of civil society. 16 donors engaged to explore potential for development of a Small Grant Coordinating Mechanism (SGCM) to enhance funding to civil society to support SAP implementation. Roadmap developed to operationalise the SGCM.9/17/2019CLME+ C-SAP
1.6 Enhance the capacity within and among arrangements to undertake and mainstream lessons learned and findings from monitoring, science and research in regional, sub-regional and national decision-makingNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowThe Secretariat has documented case studies from past and ongoing GEF Projects such as IWCAM, REPCar, CReW, IWCAM, CLME, CLME+, IWEco and CReW+ as well as experiences in the development of reports such as CEP TR 33 and 52 to document experiences from monitoring and assessment. Several fact sheets and policy briefs have been developed from the State of Marine Pollution and State of Marine Habitat Reports as well as the Regional Nutrients Pollution Reduction Strategy, Regional Habitat Restoration Strategy and their associated Action Plans. Presentations are made to regularly regional technical fora such as CWWA, GCFI, Ministerial Fora at the regional and sub-regional levels and through Technical Meetings and Conferences of Parties of the Cartagena Convention. Several policy guidelines, tool boxes, case studies, experience notes and lessons learned documents have been produced with support of IW Learn and others. Future focus needs to be on the actual use of these tools in policy setting and decision making. Specific focus has been on sargassum, plastics and wastewater management including compendium of best practices for plastics management in the tourism sector.2/3/2021CLME+, IWEco, CReW+, ACP MEA
1.7 Establish and/or enhance the capacity within and among arrangements to undertake and mainstream valuation of ecosystem goods and services in regional, sub-regional and national decision-making and policy developmentNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressHighThe Cartagena Convention Secretariat through the GEF CReW project conducted resource valuation in Trinidad and Tobago and Panama regarding the connections between wastewater treatment, human and ecosystem health. Further effort is ongoing to enhance capacity within the Wider Caribbean region for utilize the economic valuation approach. This was most recently facilitated through a Virtual webinar under the GEF IWEco Project and training during their 2020 Project Steering Committee. New projects under development continue to promote training and use of economic valuation methods.2/6/2021CReW/CReW+/IWEco
1.8 Establish and/or increase the capacity of (sub-)regional organizations and countries for integrating the management of terrestrial drainage basins with the management of the marine recipient basins and coastal development (CLME and NBSLME)NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumThis has been the core focus of multiple GEF and other projects particularly in SIDS. While the concept is well understood and appreciated in SIDS, more work is needed in continental countries and in the establishment and operationalization of transboundary commissions. More integration is needed between Land Use Planning, Marine Spatial Planning and Ecosystem Based Management approaches. The development of the Regional Nutrients Pollution Reduction Strategy and integration of Freshwater Resources Management into the Cartagena Convention will facilitate greater integrated approaches.2/6/2021IWECO, ACP MEA, CReW+, CLME+
1.8 Establish and/or increase the capacity of (sub-)regional organizations and countries for integrating the management of terrestrial drainage basins with the management of the marine recipient basins and coastal development (CLME and NBSLME)NoCCADModerate ProgressMedium1/1/1970MAR2R
1.9 Strengthen the capacity of the regional and sub-regional arrangements to support countries in becoming parties to relevant international and regional agreements and complying with their global and regional commitments towards the conservation of the marine environment (including the support to update and harmonize national legislation and regulations)NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowThe Cartagena Convention Secretariat continues to build capacity of countries through financial and technical support from projects addressing the transboundary issue of habitat degradation and community restoration as well as pollution control, prevention and reduction. MOUs have been signed with Global MEAs, knowledge management products have been developed about the benefits of ratification and several national, sub-regional and regional capacity building workshops and webinars conducted.2/6/2021IWEco, CReW+, ACP MEA Core Mandate with focus on Pollution and Marine Biodiversity related MEAs
1.10 Establish and/or enhance the data and information quality and collection and management capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national governance arrangements for the protection of the marine environment, including through the establishment of public-private partnershipsNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumThis is an ongoing process in collaboration with several regional and sub-regional agencies and projects to enhance quality of environmental data and identification of appropriate indicators. Through projects such as CLME+, IWEco, CReW, CReW+ and in collaboration with UNEP Regional office, efforts continue with environment and statistical departments to enhance State of Environment Reports and other regional GEO Reports either on thematic issues of specific to a region. Much work needs to be done in the area of public-private partnerships. In 2021, the Secretariat through the IWEco project conduced an assessment of relevant indicators as well as data bases and platforms. Efforts are also ongoing to enhance national, sub-regional and regional databases and information platforms that will facilitate improved reporting particularly for SDGs 6 and 14.2/6/2021CReW+, IWEco
1.11 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub 鈥搑egional and national governance arrangements for the monitoring, assessment and reporting on the state of the marine environment.NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumThe Cartagena Convention Secretariat has developed several reports relating to marine biodiversity and pollution. With support of the CLME+, IWEco, CReW and other project interventions, more comprehensive State of Marine Pollution and State of Marine Habitat reports were developed for the first time. At the same time, projects have been designed to build national capacity for monitoring and assessment including the development of methodologies, guidelines and providing technical and capacity building support for the development and implementation of national monitoring programs. Harmonized Methodology for Marine Litter monitoring was developed and recommendations for monitoring parameters. Several countries still lack national capacity for monitoring and assessment and the use of scientific data to inform policy and decision-making processes. The findings from the GCFI Research Agenda developed from CLME+ Project and the recommendations from the State of Reports need to be implemented.2/6/2021Core Mandate, CLME+, IWEco, CReW, CReW+, ACP MEA
2.1 Establish an interim arrangement for sustainable fisheries coordinated by FAO-WECAFC and including CRFM; OSPESCA; and OECSYesCompletedLowMOU formally establishing the Interim Coordination Mechanism for Sustainable Fisheries (FICM) was established through an MOU signed by three Regional Fisheries Bodies (CRFM, OSPESCA and WECAFC-FAO) in January 2016. The MOU seeks to enhance the regional governance for sustainable fisheries. To date, 12 meetings of the FICM have taken place with the last meeting held in April 2021. In December 2020 the three Regional Fisheries Bodies agreed to a 5 year extension of the Fisheries ICM MOU to January 2026. 5/12/2021CLME+
2.2 Review, and reform WECAFC as needed to clarify and strengthen its mandate and relationships with Regional Fisheries Bodies such as CRFM, OSPESCA and ICCATYesFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowThe WECAFC reorientation process is under development and several actions have been taken with member countries and internally in order to catalyse the process. The First WECAFC Preparatory Meeting for the Transformation into a Regional Fisheries Management Arrangement was held in Bridgetown, Barbados, 25-26 March 2019 (http://www.fao.org/3/ca8259t/CA8259T.pdf). The participants reviewed the discussion paper prepared by an independent legal consultant in support of the WECAFC Strategic Reorientation Process and the relevant themes that needed to be addressed in considering institutional alternatives. A possible structure was discussed, the details of which would have to be worked out, of a new entity/arrangement that would have an advisory role in science, capacity building, technology transfer, and monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS), and where binding conservation and management measures (CMM) decisions could be made at the level of the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ), with the possibility of retaining the option to include the EEZ in order to maintain flexibility for certain stocks/species, as it is done under the North Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) Convention. Other aspects that would need to be included would be the fight against IUU fishing and trade issues, such as traceability and catch documentation schemes. The entity/arrangement would also have to be consistent with the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention and other relevant international fisheries instruments. The summary report of the Preparatory Meeting was presented for review and endorsement at the 17th Session of the WECAFC that took place in Miami, USA, 15-18 July 2019 (http://www.fao.org/3/ca8748t/CA8748T.pdf). Member states endorsed the conclusions of the 1st Preparatory Meeting for the WECAFC reorientation process towards a more effective and viable arrangement.5/12/2021CLME+
2.3 Evaluate the needs and the options, agree on the mandate & operationalise a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO) or alternative arrangement for the management of shared living marine resources (as applicable*)YesFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressLowThe WECAFC reorientation process is under development and several actions have been taken with member countries and internally in order to catalyse the process. The First WECAFC Preparatory Meeting for the Transformation into a Regional Fisheries Management Arrangement was held in Bridgetown, Barbados, 25-26 March 2019 (http://www.fao.org/3/ca8259t/CA8259T.pdf). The participants reviewed the discussion paper prepared by an independent legal consultant in support of the WECAFC Strategic Reorientation Process and the relevant themes that needed to be addressed in considering institutional alternatives. A possible structure was discussed, the details of which would have to be worked out, of a new entity/arrangement that would have an advisory role in science, capacity building, technology transfer, and monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS), and where binding conservation and management measures (CMM) decisions could be made at the level of the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ), with the possibility of retaining the option to include the EEZ in order to maintain flexibility for certain stocks/species, as it is done under the North Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) Convention. Other aspects that would need to be included would be the fight against IUU fishing and trade issues, such as traceability and catch documentation schemes. The entity/arrangement would also have to be consistent with the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention and other relevant international fisheries instruments. The summary report of the Preparatory Meeting was presented for review and endorsement at the 17th Session of the WECAFC that took place in Miami, USA, 15-18 July 2019 (http://www.fao.org/3/ca8748t/CA8748T.pdf). Member states endorsed the conclusions of the 1st Preparatory Meeting for the WECAFC reorientation process towards a more effective and viable arrangement. The next steps include a review of experiences by similar entities and arrangements, and discuss the most adequate system for the region. Members agreed on Terms of Reference for an Inter-Sessional Working Group that will review and provide options and recommendations for a 2nd Preparatory Meeting currently scheduled to take place before of the end of 2021. In collaboration with the WECAFC Secretariat a letter of agreement (LOA) with INFOPESCA has been signed in order to, among others, prepare relevant technical documents for the 2nd Preparatory Meeting, particularly to issue a brief on the WECAFC strategic reorientation and to prepare a comprehensive report on progress towards the development of a model for a regional fisheries management entity or arrangement. In this context a virtual meeting was held on 23 October 2020 in order, among others, to present and discuss the report on the findings of the questionnaire to gather priorities and experiences to inform the WECAFC Ad Hoc Intersessional Working Group to progress towards the developments of a model for a regional fisheries management entity or arrangement in the WECAFC Area.5/12/2021CLME+
2.5 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national fisheries institutions to develop and implement harmonized management and conservation measures, with special focus on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU) and Monitoring, Control & Surveillance (MCS)YesFAO WECAFCCompletedMediumThe Regional Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (RPOA-IUU), which was produced by the WECAFC/CRFM/OSPESCA Regional Working Group on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing was presented to the 17 Session of WECAFC, in July 2019, for their consideration. The Commission examined the RPOA-IUU and requested that some amendments be made to remove all language alluding to a legally binding character, the reference to non-existing or draft instruments and non-approved recommendations. With these edits, the Commission endorsed the RPOA-IUU, noting that its endorsement represented a significant advancement that will support strengthened legislation and policies. However, it was recognized that enforcement remained a challenge for WECAFC members and direct collaborative work among WECAFC members was encouraged. The Commission also recommended regular review of Members鈥 implementation of the RPOA-IUU to assess and advance progress. This could be undertaken at future intersessional meetings of the Regional Working Group on IUU Fishing.5/12/2021
2.5 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national fisheries institutions to develop and implement harmonized management and conservation measures, with special focus on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU) and Monitoring, Control & Surveillance (MCS)NoFAO WECAFCBasic ProgressFAO WECAFC issued a questionnaire to its countries to determine the readiness of countries to implement the endorsed RPOA IUU. Results of the questionnaire should be available by mid 2021. The responses will also be utilised to support the preparation of a project concept to the GEF Secretariat in 2022 to support the implementation of the RPOA IUU5/12/2021
2.5 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national fisheries institutions to develop and implement harmonized management and conservation measures, with special focus on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IUU) and Monitoring, Control & Surveillance (MCS)NoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressLowAs of this date, The Bahamas, Barbados, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Panama, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and the United States of America from the CLME+ Region are parties to PSMA. http://www.fao.org/port-state-measures/background/parties-psma/en/9/12/2019
2.6 Coordinate the development and implementation of fisheries-specific initiatives for IUU and MCSNoFAO WECAFCGood ProgressA RPOA-IUU was developed by the joint WECAFC/CRFM/OSPESCA Regional Working Group on IUU fishing. It was endorsed by the 17 Session of WECAFC for implementation at national and regional levels. The timeframe for this RPOA-IUU is 10 years before a major review, commencing in 2019, with systematic reviews at regular intervals, using the RWG-IUU as a mechanism for this. FAO is in the process of developing a project concept under GEF 7 to support the implementation of the IUU RPOA 9/17/2020
2.7 Coordinate the development and implementation of regional, sub-regional and national initiatives for sustainable small scale fisheries (including capacity building and pilot initiatives)NoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressStewardFish which is aimed at implementing the CLME+ SAP within the seven CRFM States [Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, St.Vincent & the Grenadines] by empowering fisherfolk throughout fisheries value chains to engage in resource management, decision-making processes and sustainable livelihoods, with strengthened institutional support at all levels. The project components include developing organizational capacity for fisheries governance; enhancing ecosystem stewardship for fisheries sustainability; securing sustainable livelihoods for food and nutrition, and participatory PM&E. 9/13/2019
2.7 Coordinate the development and implementation of regional, sub-regional and national initiatives for sustainable small scale fisheries (including capacity building and pilot initiatives)NoCANARIGood ProgressMediumOrganizational strengthening of 7 NFOs is in progress. Work has started to support fisherfolk to develop and implement practical stewardship projects in MPAs to contribute to biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods. Institutional analyses and organizational assessments were conducted with key fisheries-related state agencies and NFOs to assess gaps in and recommend priorities to improve support for fisherfolk organizations and their role in stewardship in the 7 target countries.9/17/2020StewardFish
2.7 Coordinate the development and implementation of regional, sub-regional and national initiatives for sustainable small scale fisheries (including capacity building and pilot initiatives)NoCANARIGood ProgressMediumThe CLME+ People Managing Oceans Civil Society Strategic Action Plan (C-SAP) was developed to guide civil society's contribution to delivery of the CLME+ SAP. This document was developed through consultation with civil society organizations, fisherfolk organizations and community enterprises. It has been endorsed by 49 civil society organizations, including 4 FFOs, as of February 29, 2020. This includes specific strategies and actions directly aligned with supporting implementation of SAP action 2.7 on small scale fisheries.9/17/2020
2.8 Coordinate the development and implementation of regional, sub-regional and national initiatives to improve welfare and livelihoods through the provision of Decent Work(including through the development of alternative livelihoods, capacity building and pilot initiatives)NoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressLowStewardFish which is aimed at implementing the CLME+ SAP within the seven CRFM States [Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, St.Vincent & the Grenadines] by empowering fisherfolk throughout fisheries value chains to engage in resource management, decision-making processes and sustainable livelihoods, with strengthened institutional support at all levels. The project components include enhancing ecosystem stewardship for fisheries sustainability; and securing sustainable livelihoods for food and nutrition.9/12/2019
2.9 Coordinate the development and implementation of regional, sub-regional and national initiatives to enhance safety and reduce risk factors (including at sea) for fishers, with particular focus on risk managementNoCANARIGood ProgressLowDarwin-funded project aimed at mainstreaming climate change adaptation (CCA) into fisheries governance and management in Anguilla and Monserrat, using an ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF). Participatory vulnerability assessments conducted. Capacity building completed. Funds provided to 4 fisherfolk organizations to implement practical adaptation actions, including safety at sea actions and managing risks related to climate change.9/17/2020Climate change adaptation in the fisheries of Anguilla and Montserrat
2.9 Coordinate the development and implementation of regional, sub-regional and national initiatives to enhance safety and reduce risk factors (including at sea) for fishers, with particular focus on risk managementNoFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowCC4FISH which aims to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts in the Eastern Caribbean fisheries sector. Includes undertaking assessments of local vulnerability and risk to inform planning for adaptation and support investments in protecting fisherfolk communities from climare change; providing improved safety at sea training and improving safety of vessels to reduce risks for fisherfolk in case of accidents and extreme weather events; and developing early warning systems, using mobile applications, for the fisheries sector. 9/13/2019
2.10 Establish and/or enhance the capacity to manage knowledge and to mainstream findings from monitoring, science and research in regional, sub-regional and national decision-making and policy development for sustainable fisheriesNoICM SecretariatModerate ProgressLowFAO has produced a State of Fisheries Report for the WECAFC region that outlines the state of a number of fisheries. Further, GCFI with support of the CLME+ Project has produced "Science and Research Serving Effective Ocean Governance in the Wider Caribbean Region". This report outlines a number of priority research topics from decisions makers that could influence policy development for sustainable fisheries9/17/2020
2.12 Strengthen the capacity of the regional and sub-regional arrangements to support countries in becoming parties to relevant international and regional agreements and complying with their global and regional commitments towards the sustainable use and conservation of the marine environment and associated living resources (including the support to update and harmonize national legislation and regulations)NoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressFAO/WECAFC has been providing support to countries within the CLME+ region to enable them to become parties to the PSMA and implement it. At the 17 Session of WECAFC, in July 2019, the Commission acknowledged the proportion of the number of parties to the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate IUU Fishing (PSMA), in the WECAFC area, one of the highest in the world, stressed the importance of further increasing that number, and took note of the decision of Trinidad and Tobago to accede to the PSMA and related efforts by Jamaica. 9/12/2019
2.13 Establish and/or enhance the data and information quality and collection and management capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national fisheries governance arrangements, including through the establishment of public-private partnershipsNoFAO WECAFCGood Progress"Bearing in mind the need for improvements in basic information on fishery data and statistics and that the need to develop and implement agreed data sharing policies to support decision-making was noted as a chief impediment to strong and effective management of marine resources in the region (WECAFC 14, WECAFC 15), the FIRMS partnership was endorsed by WECAFC 15. The overarching aim of the FIRMS partnership is to provide decision-makers with sufficient and reliable information to develop effective fisheries policies in accordance with the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. FAO provides the secretariat for the FIRMS partnership. Activities undertaken achievements during phase I and II of the partnership were presented in WECAFC/SAG/VII/2015/7, WECAFC/SAG/VIII/2017/8 and WECAFC/SAG/IX/2018/11. The 2016-2017 (WECAFC-FIRMS phase I) achievements included strengthening national data collection through completion of inventories of stocks and fisheries in support of the three FMPs published in FIRMS; development of a prototype Regional Data Base (RDB); developing a Plan for identifying needs and building capacity and strengthening of selected national data collection systems; identifying minimum data needs for monitoring and stock assessment; translation of the FIRMS website into Spanish; and aregional data workshop convened in Barbados in January of 20162. Under WECAFC-FIRMS phase II project, activities undertaken were primarily to support the mandate of the Working Group on Fisheries Data and Statistics (FDS-WG), agreed by the Members during the 16 Commission Session of WECAFC, in Guadeloupe in June 2016. The Phase II project support focused on agreements regarding minimum data requirements for fisheries under management plans, and on the governance and operationalization of the WECAFC Regional Database, including development of a regional data collection reference framework (DCRF) and documentation of best practices for logbooks and data sharing policies and guidelines. The 2017-2018 (WECAFC-FIRMS phase II) achievements included development of Data Collection Reference Framework document (DCRF) and associated Regional Data Access and Sharing Policies; draft Regional Logbook Guidelines; 1 st meeting of the WECAFC Fisheries Data and Statistics Working Group (FDS WG); intersessional FDS-WG Work Plan for 2018-2019 and WECAFC Regional Database fully functional. At the 17 Session of WECAFC, the convener of the Fisheries Data and Statistics WG and WECAFC-FIRMS Regional Focal point, presented an update of the activities on data and statistics taking place under the WECAFC-FIRMS partnership, particularly a result of this collaborative platform which sets the framework for data collection and information sharing systems to support scientific and decision making processes and the connected capacity building activities. The Commission commended the WG for the hard work and enthusiasm invested in the development of such a robust framework (Data Collection Reference Framework 鈥 DCRF). The EU indicated that this work was outstanding, that it considered as a high priority to have such a system in place in the Region and that was the main reason for supporting this initiative, including financially. The Commission emphasized the usefulness of the regional database for improving data collection, data management, including visualization and sustainable management of fisheries resources. The Commission requested that some modifications be made to the draft recommendation on the DCRF, in particular the reference to RFMO and to the reporting requirements to ICCAT in the DCRF were considered unnecessary. The Commission adopted the recommendation as an Interim Data Collection Reference Framework, pending additional technical edits to be provided intersessionally, in order to adopt the Data Collection Reference Framework at the next plenary meeting of WECAFC."9/12/2019
2.14 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national fisheries governance arrangements for the monitoring, assessment & reporting on the state of fisheriesYesICM SecretariatModerate ProgressFAO/WECAFC during its Sessions reports on the State of Fisheries in the WECAFC area. The data and information used to inform this report is usually taken from official reports by countries to FAO on catch and landings data.9/17/2020
3.1 Decide upon and establish an interim coordination mechanism amongst the regional sub-arrangements for sustainable fisheries and for the protection of the marine environmentYesICM SecretariatCompletedLowIn July 2017 the CLME+ SAP Interim Coordination Mechanism became established as the 5th out of 8 Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGO's) that originally pledged to work together towards enhanced, better coordinated ocean governance in the Wider Caribbean Region signed a joint Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). The UNDP/GEF CLME+ PCU was appointed as the Interim Secretariat. By the end of 2017, all 8 Parties had signed the MOU. The CLME+ SAP ICM had its most recent meeting ("ICM9") on 1-2 December 2020. The next meeting (ICM10) is scheduled to take place during the first quarter of 2020. The Chair of the ICM currently lies with UNESCO IOC. ICM Meeting decisions, summaries, Work Programmes/Plans and other info on the ICM can be found on: https://clmeplus.org/regional-coordination-mechanisms/12/2/2020CLME+
3.2 Evaluate all options and propose a permanent policy coordination mechanism with a clear mandate which is financially sustainable, geographically inclusive and politically acceptable and which takes into account the principle of subsidiarity (this may include the identification of appropriate reforms)YesICM SecretariatCompletedMediumA second Regional Consultation was held in July/August 2019 on the proposed options (mandate/form/functions,...) for a Permanent Coordination Mechanism for Ocean Governance in the Wider Caribbean, and associated Sustainable Financing Plan. A further fine-tuned Proposal Document will be shared with the CLME+ countries by November 2019. In June 2020 the CLME+ Project Steering Committee endorsed in principle the core elements of the Coordination Mechanism.9/16/2020CLME+
3.3 Adopt and operationalise the permanent regional policy coordination mechanism for shared Living Marine Resources (sLMR) governanceYesICM SecretariatGood ProgressMediumDuring a virtual meeting of the CLME+ PSC which took place in June 2020, the PSC endorsed in principle core aspects of the Coordination Mechanism, including scope and functions9/16/2020CLME+
3.3 Adopt and operationalise the permanent regional policy coordination mechanism for shared Living Marine Resources (sLMR) governanceYesICM SecretariatGood ProgressLow1. Core aspects (mandate, functions, structure,...) of the forthcoming Ocean Coordination Mechanism (CM) were agreed upon by the CLME+ Project Steering Committee at the June 2020 Special virtual CLME+ Project Steering Committee Meeting. 2. A drafting group was created by the Project Steering Committee to advance a draft text for the MoU (through which the CM will be created), for further negotiations at the October 2020 Special virtual CLME+ Project Steering Committee Meeting. 3. The October 2020 PSC Meeting achieved agreement on most of the proposed MOU text, with 3 outstanding parragraphs being separated for further negotiations. 4. During the Third PSC Meeting which took place in February 2021, the Steering Committee technically endorsed the content of the Memorandum of Understanding Enabling the Creation of a Coordination Mechanism to Support Integrated Ocean Governance in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems and the associated Annex 1. A Special Project Steering Committee Meeting is planned for June 2021 to obtainl legal clearance of the MOU, and, once this is achieved, initiating the accession process (signing of the MOU by prospective CM members) 5/12/2021CLME+
3.5 Develop and coordinate integrated and sectoral research strategies in support of the implementation of broader ocean governance in the region, with a short and medium term focus on sLMR managementYesGCFICompletedLowCLME+ Project Co-executing partner the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute is responsible for the development of the "Science and Research Serving Effective Ocean Governance in the Wider Caribbean Region" The integrated Research Agenda was submitted in August 2020.9/16/2020
3.5 Develop and coordinate integrated and sectoral research strategies in support of the implementation of broader ocean governance in the region, with a short and medium term focus on sLMR managementNoOECS Commission
3.6 Develop and coordinate integrated and sectoral sustainable financing strategies for the cost-effective implementation of broader ocean governance in the region, with a short and medium term focus on sLMR governanceYesICM SecretariatModerate ProgressHighDuring the Third PSC Meeting which took place in February 2021, the Steering Committee: Indicated preliminary support for the following approach towards achieving short, medium and long-term sustainability of the Coordination Mechanism, while acknowledging the Steering Group of the Coordination Mechanism may revisit and adjust the approach, and taking into account that a number of States and Territories have voiced their opposition to mandatory financial contributions: 鈥 Short & medium-term (2021/2-2027): 鈼 Coordination Mechanism Secretariat and other Organs operate (largely) with financial support from the PROCARIBE+ Project 鈼 PROCARIBE+ Project period used to demonstrate and evaluate CM added value 鈼 CM considers a range of options and decides, prior to PROCARIBE+ Project end, on post-Project financing mechanism(s) 鈥 Long-term (2027 and beyond): 鈼 Deployment of sustainable financing mechanism(s) endorsed by the Coordination Mechanism Steering Group. 5/12/2021CLME+
3.6 Develop and coordinate integrated and sectoral sustainable financing strategies for the cost-effective implementation of broader ocean governance in the region, with a short and medium term focus on sLMR governanceNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressHighThrough projects like CReW and CReW+, focus has been on developing national and local innovative financing mechanisms for wastewater management in collaboration with development banks. The new CEP Strategy incorporates a resource mobilization strategy and a strategy for engagement of the private sector. The Investment Strategy developed under CLME+ offers further opportunities for coordinated investment in oceans governance. While several draft frameworks are being established, there is a need for operationalization.2/7/2021ACP MEA, CLME+, IWEco, CReW and CReW+
4.1 Strengthen the formal cooperation between OSPESCA and CCAD for implementing the EBM/EAF approachYesOSPESCACompletedLowMemorandum of Understanding between CCAD and OSPESCA11/12/2020
4.3 Establish, strengthen and harmonize, (sub-)regional and/or fisheries-specific initiatives to combat IUU fishing by combining compliance measures (Monitoring Control and Surveillance plus awareness building among consumers & producers) with the provision of alternative livelihoodsYesOSPESCAGood ProgressHighAt the level of the sub-region there is a Regional Regulation for IUU Fishing; a strategy. It has collaborated in the elaboration of the IUU Fishing Plan of WECAFC. There was a questionnaire issued to all WECAFC countries on IUU and ability to implement the approved RPOA. 9/10/2020FAO-OSPESCA Agreement
4.4 Coordinate and enhance (sub-)regional and national efforts for the conservation of the biodiversity of reef and associated habitats, including through the strengthening of networks of marine protected areas (MPAs), and initiatives for sustainable reef fisheries* such as programmes dealing with alien invasive speciesNoCANARIGood ProgressMediumCapacity building of 20 CSOs (including FFOs) and 13 community SMEs in progress. Small grants facility set up under CANARI鈥檚 Caribbean Sea Innovation Fund (CarSIF) disbursed 鈧200,000 in grants to 9 CSOs and 8 SMEs to support practical initiatives for biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods in MPAs and coastal areas.9/17/2020PISCES
4.5 Develop and implement initiatives for sustainable livelihoods by building capacity for diversification, fostering and facilitating viable alternative sources of Decent Work and/or improved incomes, and creating added value (e.g. through marketing and sales)NoOSPESCAGood ProgressLowIt works together with OIRSA for the implementation of the traceability standard of fishery products9/17/2019Ecolangosta+, ResCA Langosta
4.6 Establish and/or enhance the institutional structure and capacity of (sub-)regional and national arrangements for implementing management and conservation measures for reef ecosystemsNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowThrough the revitalization of GCRMN_ICRI, the Secretariat has been able to finalize a set of guidelines to enhance monitoring along with continued steps for improved training and capacity building12/18/2019
4.7 Strengthen the capacity of Regional Fisheries Bodies to engage and build capacity among member States to implement the EBM/EAF approach, through National Action Plans (NAPs), data/information management and analysis, and operationalisation of national intersectoral coordination and consultation mechanisms that include science-policy interfacesNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowIt works together with OIRSA for the implementation of the traceability standard of fishery products8/29/2014Ecolangosta+, ResCA Langosta
4.8 Operationalise and strengthen interlinked Decision Support Systems (DSSs) for the protection of reefs and associated ecosystems and for the sustainable management of associated living marine resourcesNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowFacilitated throught the SPAW EBM Project funded by the Government of Italy4/1/2019EBM Project
4A.1 Establish, strengthen, and coordinate arrangements between the FAO-WECAFC, OSPESCA, UNEP-SPAW, and CRFM for harmonizing the spiny lobster fishery governance and management throughout the CLME+ regionNoOSPESCAGood ProgressMediumThe Fisheries Interim Coordination Mechanism was established in 2015. Since then 12 meetings have taken place, and the governance in the lobster fishery is included in the mechanism's work plan. This interim coordination mechanism is transitioning into a long-term coordination mechanism.4/23/2021CLME (Subproject MASPLESCA), CLME+ (Sub-project Ecolangosta+)
4A.2 Evaluate and expand, as applicable, the geographic scope of the governance arrangement operated by OSPESCA, taking into consideration both the perspectives of species range (ecosystem approach) and of common marketsNoOSPESCAGood ProgressMediumThe regional OSPESCA regulations contained in Regulation OSP 02 09 for the management of the regional lobster fishery of the Caribbean have been adopted by the Declaration of St. George. The coverage of the Regional Plan for Fisheries Management of the Caribbean Lobster (MARPLESCA Plan) to the WECAFC region has been updated and expanded.8/1/2019Ecolangosta+, ResCA Langosta
4A.3 Strengthen and achieve full implementation of policy cycles under the existing sub-regional governance arrangements for the management of the spiny lobster fisheries, including linkages with organizations working on the environmental protection of reefs and associated ecosystemsNoOSPESCACompletedLowParticipation in the update of the Implementation Plan for the Regional Climate Change Strategy 2018-2020. Both organizations participate in the SAP ICM8/1/2019
4A.4 Operationalise and strengthen a DSS for the spiny lobster fisheries (including linkages to the DSS for the protection and sustainable management of reefs and associated living marine resources)NoOSPESCAModerate ProgressMediumSupport to countries in the methodology for data collection and analysis for the evaluation of Caribbean lobster stocks (MARPLESCA Plan), and its implementation in a computer platform. With support from OIRSA, we work on the traceability standard of fishery products and the computer platform.8/1/2019Ecolangosta+, ResCA Langosta
4B.1 Establish, strengthen and coordinate the arrangements for the management and conservation of queen conch between all relevant organizations such as CFMC,FAO-WECAFC, CRFM, UNEP-SPAW, OSPESCA and CITESNoQueen Conch WGCompletedRecommendation from the 16 Session of WECAFC on Queen Conch: The WECAFC Secretariat, in close coordination with OSPESCA, CRFM, CFMC, CITES and the SPAW Protocol Secretariats, continues to share these and future recommendations, as well as the work of the Working Group on Queen Conch, with all relevant stakeholders in the Queen Conch range states.
4B.1 Establish, strengthen and coordinate the arrangements for the management and conservation of queen conch between all relevant organizations such as CFMC,FAO-WECAFC, CRFM, UNEP-SPAW, OSPESCA and CITESNoQueen Conch WGGood ProgressThe purpose of the Working Group is to support the sustainable management and conservation of Queen Conch (Strombus gigas) resources and its fisheries in the WECAFC Region.11/1/2018
4B.1 Establish, strengthen and coordinate the arrangements for the management and conservation of queen conch between all relevant organizations such as CFMC,FAO-WECAFC, CRFM, UNEP-SPAW, OSPESCA and CITESNoQueen Conch WGCompletedMediumThe QC Working Group was established back in 2012 and since then had met five times, usually every other year. The sixth QC Working Group is currently being scheduled by December 2021, depending on current situation.4/23/2021
4B.2 Develop and adopt a regional framework and management and conservation plan for the queen conch with regional-level harmonized regulations (including trade issues)NoFAO WECAFCCompletedDuring the WECAFC Session 16 which took place in 2014, the Commission requested that the WECAFC, in close coordination with OSPESCA, CRFM, CFMC, CITES and the SPAW Protocol Secretariat, develop a regional plan for the management and conservation of Queen Conch, in accordance with the best available scientific evidence. This Regional Plan for the Management and Conservation of Queen Conch was developed which was developed with the support of the CFMC/OSPESCA/WECAFC/CRFM Working Group on Queen Conch was considered by the 16 Session at WECAFC held in 2016. During the Session, the Commission recommended that "Members of WECAFC implement the 鈥淩egional plan for the management and conservation of Queen Conch in the WECAFC area鈥 as appropriate, and report from 2018 onwards, through WECAFC and the CITES Secretariats, on progress with the implementation of the plan to the meetings of the Conference of the Parties of CITES and the WECAFC sessions"9/4/2019
4B.2 Develop and adopt a regional framework and management and conservation plan for the queen conch with regional-level harmonized regulations (including trade issues)YesQueen Conch WGCompletedLowThe QC regional fisheries managament and conservation has been formally adopted in 2016 and it is currently published in three lenguages as the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper 610.7/21/2020
4B.3 Develop, adopt and implement the sub-regional agreements for the management of the queen conch resourceNoQueen Conch WGModerate ProgressLowOne of the indicators identified in the Regional Queen Conch Fisheries Management and Conservation Plan is-"Agreements and resolutions on regional cooperation and collaboration brokered by the Regional Queen Conch Working Group and other international organizations." The Working Group is therefore tasked with: further advancing and monitoring the implementation of the Plan at appropriate levels; and encouraging countries to implement the Plan.11/1/2018
4B.3 Develop, adopt and implement the sub-regional agreements for the management of the queen conch resourceYesQueen Conch WGCompletedLowThe Statistical, Scientific and Technical Advisory Group, within the QC Working Group was established in 2018, at the third Working Group meeting. It continues to be functional. The Education and outreach Group initiated activities. Governance group would not be established directly, but will utilize the CLME+ Coordination Mechanism in place. 4/23/2021
4B.4 Strengthen and achieve full implementation of policy cycles under the existing sub-regional governance arrangements for the management of queen conch fisheries, including linkages with organizations working on the environmental protection of reefs and associated ecosystems (EAF)NoQueen Conch WGModerate ProgressLowOne of the overall objectives of the plan is to increase coordination and collaboration towards achieving better education and outreach, monitoring and research, co-management and strengthening, optimizing and harmonizing regional governance arrangements.11/1/2018
4B.4 Strengthen and achieve full implementation of policy cycles under the existing sub-regional governance arrangements for the management of queen conch fisheries, including linkages with organizations working on the environmental protection of reefs and associated ecosystems (EAF)YesQueen Conch WGGood ProgressLowAn overall medium to low implementation of the 14 measures comprising the management plan for this species have been evaluated.5/1/2020
4B.5 Operationalise and strengthen a DSS for the queen conch fisheries (including linkages to the DSS for the protection and sustainable management of reefs and associated living marine resources)Queen Conch WGModerate ProgressMediumOne of the overall objectives of the Plan is to improve the collection and integration of the scientific data needed to determine the overall queen conch population as the basis for the application of ecosystem-based management.11/1/2018
4B.5 Operationalise and strengthen a DSS for the queen conch fisheries (including linkages to the DSS for the protection and sustainable management of reefs and associated living marine resources)NoQueen Conch WGGood ProgressLowThe Scientific, Statistical and Technical Advisory Group of the CFMC/OSPESCA/WECAFC/CRFM/CITES Queen Conch Working Group was held 23-26 Apr, 2019. One of the conclusions coming out of this meeting was that WECAFC is expected to coordinate the structure of a research proposal to attend to some of the priority actions identified as relevant to the sustainability of the fishery.4/26/2019
5.1 Establish linkages between the sub-regional governance arrangements for the different types of pelagic fisheries in order to more fully implement the ecosystem approach (e.g.: prey鈥損redator relationships)FAO WECAFCBasic ProgressLowAt the 17 Session of WECAFC, in the USA, in July 2019, the Commission agreed to expand the mandate of the existing Joint Working Group on Flying Fish in the Eastern Caribbean to incorporate flying fish, dolphinfish and other pelagic species not managed by ICCAT. The first Meeting of the flyingfish and dolphinfish working group is expected to take place in December 2021. In an attempt to strengthen collaboration FAO WECAFC and ICCAT are in the process of formalizing an MOU to support enhanced co-orperation. 5/12/2021
5.3 Develop and implement initiatives for sustainable livelihoods by building capacity for diversification, fostering and facilitating viable alternative sources of Decent Work and/or improved incomes, and creating added valueNoCANARIModerate ProgressMediumTarget initiatives identified for support. In-country tarined small business experts established mentoring agreement. Conducted needs assessments. Capacity building started. EU-funded project.9/12/2019PISCES
5.3 Develop and implement initiatives for sustainable livelihoods by building capacity for diversification, fostering and facilitating viable alternative sources of Decent Work and/or improved incomes, and creating added valueNoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressSteward-Fish which is aimed at implementing the CLME+ SAP within the seven CRFM States [Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines] by empowering fisherfolk throughout fisheries value chains to engage in resource management, decision-making processes and sustainable livelihoods, with strengthened institutional support at all levels.The project components include enhancing ecosystem stewardship for fisheries sustainability; and securing sustainable livelihoods for food and nutrition.. 9/13/2019StewardFish
5.3 Develop and implement initiatives for sustainable livelihoods by building capacity for diversification, fostering and facilitating viable alternative sources of Decent Work and/or improved incomes, and creating added valueNoFAO WECAFCGood ProgressCC4FISH which aims to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts in the Eastern Caribbean fisheries sector. Includes providing business skills training to fisherfolk to improve earnings and savings; and decreasing fish waste and improving the income of postharvest fisherfolk by enhancing skills in traditional smoking, drying and salting methods to extend the shelf life and add value to fish and fish products. 9/13/2019CC4FISH
5A.1 Strengthen the FAO-WECAFC and CRFM sub-regional arrangement for the assessment and management of the flyingfish fisheries including the establishment of a decision-making capacity for managementYesCRFM SecretariatCompletedMediumThe CRFM Ministerial Sub-Committee on Flyingfish had an active role in reviewing the updated flyingfish fisheries management plan, which incorporated new information generated under the project and the views and suggestions of the range of stakeholders who were engaged in dialogue at varying levels in the development of updated management recommendations. This fisheries management plan is to be carried forward for approval by the CRFM Ministerial Council. While no NICs, FACs are operational, other entities performing similar roles were facilitated in discussion of the EAF, critical issues pertaining to flyingfish management and development of Management Plans. Data policy approved and Ministerial Council decreed that this should be used as the basic policy to be adapted for other fisheries as/when necessary.. Online bibliographic database/data repository for information sharing is operational on CRFM website. Stock assessment of flyingfish has been updated2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
5A.3 Operationalise and strengthen an integrated, sub-regional decision support system (DSS) for the flyingfish fisheries (in coordination with the large pelagics arrangements)NoCRFM SecretariatGood ProgressLowStakeholder access to data and information of relevance to application of the EAF assessment and management of eastern Caribbean flyingfish and improved availability of data and information to the global community Improved by development of an on-line bibliographic database and data repository housed on the CRFM website. a multi-objective assessment of the eastern Caribbean flyingfish fisheries has been produced. A gender-sensitive valuation of the current and potential future contribution of flyingfish and associated pelagic fisheries to food security, income and employment and ecosystem goods and services, with recommendations for enhancement of the livelihoods and improvement of the conditions of work for fishers and processors, has been carried out. Evaluation of management performance at the national level for four Member States and at the regional level; and impact assessment tool have been developed to allow continuous monitoring of management effectiveness. Key data and information requirements, associated sources of data and information and the mechanisms for data and information sharing at the regional, national, sectoral and local levels have been identified, to inform development of a decision support system (DSS). A model DSS has been approved by the Ministerial Sub-Committee on Flyingfish and a sample one has been customized for one Member State. A sub-regional data policy that imposes an obligation on the part of Member States to share data and information to improve the knowledge base for management decision-making, has been approved by the Ministerial Sub-Committee on Flyingfish.2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
5A.4 Strengthen the FAO-WECAFC and CRFM capacity to develop, adopt and implement management and conservation measures for the flyingfish fisheries (full policy cycle implementation)NoCRFM SecretariatCompletedMediumA review of existing national fisheries legislation has been carried out and model legislation including model national vessel licensing regulations have been formulated. Estimate of existing fishing effort and fishing capacity developed. Recommendations for further development of national data collection systems in support of the EAF assessment and management of the eastern Caribbean Flying-fish fishery have been approved. Model national vessel licensing regulations for adoption in accordance with legislation, and census of flying-fish vessels have been approved by CRFM Ministerial sub-committee on flying-fish2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
5A.5 Implement the CRFM/FAO-WECAFC Sub-Regional Management Plan for flyingfish fisheries in the Eastern CaribbeanNoCRFM SecretariatCompletedLowAn evaluation of FMP performance was completed and based on the findings, along with other outputs of the Sub-Project, management strategies were proposed to achieve sustained fishery resource; optimal use of the fishery for long-term benefit; and, sustained ecosystem health). These were incorporated into the Sub-regional Fisheries Management Plan (鈥淓astern Caribbean Flyingfish Management Plan 2020-2025鈥) which has been endorsed by Caribbean Fisheries Forum; and approved by Ministerial-Sub-committee on Flyingfish2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
5A.1 Strengthen the FAO-WECAFC and CRFM sub-regional arrangement for the assessment and management of the flyingfish fisheries including the establishment of a decision-making capacity for managementNoCRFM SecretariatCompletedLowVideo-documentary on flyig-fish fishery; policy briefs targeting stakeholders; communication strategy; infographics developed. 2 KAP studies done in support of awareness building and gauge levels of awareness; stakeholder consultations held to build awareness of, and also solicit input into, (updated/revised) sub-regional flying-fish management plan. Compilation of Lessons learned from the CLME+ Flying-fish sub-project has been prepared. Training materials related to the identified business opportunities, specifically the enhancement of fisher organizations and implementation dockside monitoring have been developed. Training manuals for Board Governance and Data Collection have also been developed to support ongoing enhancement of fisher鈥檚 organizations operations. Sub-regional Management plan has been updated as "Eastern Caribbean Flyingfish Fisheries Management Plan 2020-2025"2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
5B.1 Establish key agreements and operationalise arrangements among organizations with a stake in large pelagics fisheries in order to implement EAFNoFAO WECAFCBasic ProgressLowAt the 17 Session of WECAFC, in the USA, in July 2019, the Commission agreed to expand the mandate of the existing Joint Working Group on Flying Fish in the Eastern Caribbean to incorporate flying fish, dolphinfish and other pelagic species not managed by ICCAT 9/12/2019
6.1 Strengthen the FAO-WECAFC-CRFM sub-regional arrangement for the management of the shrimp and groundfish fisheries, and establish a decision-making capacity for policy formulation and managementYesFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressMediumThe discussions on the reorientation of WECAFC have been going on for some time, since the WECAFC 14th Session in 2012. Strategic Reorientation Workshops were held in 2014 and 2015. At the 16th WECAFC Session in 2016 the Commission agreed to launch a process to establish a RFMO. A first preparatory workshop was held 25-26 March 2019 in Barbados with the participation of 23 WECAFC members as well as international organizations including representatives from 2 RFMOs. The recommendations from the meeting were presented at the 17th WECAFC Session held 15-18 July in Miami, USA. A roadmap for the process was agreed upon, an intersessional WG was designated and a 2nd Preparatory meeting was scheduled to take place in the first half of 2020. However, due to COVID 19 pandemic the meeting has postponed and it is now expected to take place in the first quarter of 2021.9/15/2020FAO CLME+ Subproject on shrimp and groundfish of the NBSLME and REBYC-II LAC Project
6.2 Explore and establish a sub-regional arrangement to address both marine and land-based sources of pollution within the context of the expanded framework for the protection of the marine environment built under Strategy 1NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatBasic ProgressHighAssessments of pollution hotspots is were undertaken during implementation of EBM projects in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. The assessments include overall impacts on provision of ecosystem goods and services, trends and extent of pollution impacts and suitable pollution abatement measures. Further focus on sub regional mechanisms needed.2/6/2021CLME+ EBM UNEP Sub-Project on Pollution and Marine Habitat in the NBSLME
6.3 Explore and establish a sub-regional arrangement to address the issue of coastal habitat degradation and destruction within the context of the expanded framework for the protection of the marine environment built under Strategy 1NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatBasic ProgressMediumEBM plans will be further developed for the assessed marine wetlands and mangroves based on pollution and habitat assessments in pilot countries. Broad-based stakeholder input is currently being sought with the farmers in Trinidad and Tobago, private and public sector partnerships. Collaborative efforts are ongoing with stakeholders incl. WWF Mangrove Dept. & EPA in Guyana. Work will continue to foster institutional arrangements needed for effective management of marine wetlands.9/12/2019CLME+ EBM UNEP Sub-Project on Pollution and Marine Habitat in the NBSLME
6.3 Explore and establish a sub-regional arrangement to address the issue of coastal habitat degradation and destruction within the context of the expanded framework for the protection of the marine environment built under Strategy 1NoCONSERVATION INTERNATIONALCI GEF Mangrove NBSLME Project
6.6 Operationalise and further enhance an interlinked, sub-regional decision support systems (DSS) for sustainable fisheries and environmental protection in the Guianas-Brazil continental shelfNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatBasic ProgressMediumThe EBM sub-project contributed to improved integration of habitat and pollution issues into decision making processes concerning sustainable fisheries.The lessons learned from activities in Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname and Guyana need to be now used to facilitate upscaling and for input into data bases and information management systems. The sub regional reports for the NBSLME prepared for the Regional Nutrients Pollution Reduction Strategy will further aid in these efforts. Further enhancement of national systems are needed that will feed into sub regional and regional systems. Links to multiple agency and project efforts.2/6/2021CLME+ EBM UNEP Sub-Project on Pollution and Marine Habitat in the NBSLME
6.6 Operationalise and further enhance an interlinked, sub-regional decision support systems (DSS) for sustainable fisheries and environmental protection in the Guianas-Brazil continental shelfNoFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowWith support from the Fisheries Statistics Branch at FAO HQ and international consultants the DSS is being developed under the iMarine platform (Data e-Infrastructure Initiative for Fisheries Management and Conservation of Marine Living Resources). The DSS is being tailored to provide updated information on fisheries and stocks and with capacity to conduct some stock assessment methods. 9/15/2020FAO CLME+ Subproject on shrimp and groundfish of the NBSLME
6.6 Operationalise and further enhance an interlinked, sub-regional decision support systems (DSS) for sustainable fisheries and environmental protection in the Guianas-Brazil continental shelfNoFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowWith support from the Fisheries Statistics Branch at FAO HQ and international consultants the data collection protocols and systems of T&T and Suriname are being enhanced. This includes the creation of observer programmes and improved data collection for bottom trawling fleets as well as the development of a statistical storage system software that fits the needs and requirements of each country6/30/2019REBYC-II LAC
6.7 Establish and/or the capacity of sub-regional and national arrangements for implementing management and conservation measuresYesFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressLowThe WECAFC Working Group on Shrimp and Ground-fish of the Guianas-Brazil shelf was reactivated. It held an updated meeting in September 2015 to re-draw its TORs and establish working group. It held its second meeting in Barbados from 17-18 May 2018. Its recommendations were submitted and adopted at the 17th Session of WECAFC which included, inter alia, capacity building for stock assessment and unit stocks identification, and for the development and support of national shrimp and ground-fish fisheries management plans. The 3rd meeting of the WECAFC/CRFM/IFREMER Working Group took place on 26-27 November 2019. Its recommendations are to be submitted to the 18th session of WECAFC and include, among others, establishing a formal mechanism for technical advice, decision-making and implementation for the shrimp and ground-fish resources, the adoption of a sub-regional fisheries strategy and management plan and a bycatch management strategy.9/15/2020FAO CLME+ Subproject on shrimp and groundfish of the NBSLME and REBYC-II LAC
6.7 Establish and/or the capacity of sub-regional and national arrangements for implementing management and conservation measuresYesFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowFishing gear tested in Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and some parts of Brazil shows more than a 30% decrease in bycatch for bottom trawl fisheries. Next step is to ensure the entire fleet is using these fishing practices. Proposed management measures in Trinidad and Tobago and Brazil, based on new data derived from the REBYC-II LAC project, resulted in new proposed spatial and temporal closures that reduce the impacts of the fishery and ensure conservation. Currently fisheries management plans are under development for Brazil, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago that include regulatory measures regarding gear characteristics and spatial and temporal closures.9/17/2020REBYC-II LAC an FAO CLME+ shrimp and groundfish
6.8 Establish and/or the capacity of Regional Fisheries Bodies to cooperate with and build capacity among member States to implement the EBM/EAF approach, through National Action Plans (NAPs), data/information management & analysis capacity, and operationalisation of national intersectoral coordination and consultation mechanisms (incl. science-policy interfaces)NoFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowCapacity for data processing and analysis has been enhanced in the region with participation of fisheries officers and scientists from Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. Workshops in data preparation (23-25 October 2018) and stock assessment (8-12 July 2019), as well as training in fish stock assessment (21-25 January 2019 and 26-30 August 2019) have been delivered. On the other hand, the REBYC-IILAC and Shrimp and Groundfish project collaborated to to a regional training and training of trainers on EAF in Costa Rica in December 27, 2019. As a result of this, REBYC-II LAC and Shrimp and Groundfish subproject provided EAF training to stakeholders in Brazil (26-30 November 2019) and Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. A Letter of Agreement was signed with CERMES in early 2019 for developing National EAF implementation plans in Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago, and the national EAF Plan for Brazil is being developed in collaboration with REBYC II LAC project. A diagnostic of NICs in Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago was undertaken in July 2019 and recommendations are being developed9/15/2020FAO CLME+ Subproject on shrimp and groundfish of the NBSLME and REBYC-II LAC
6.9 Establish and/or strengthen and harmonize (sub-)regional initiatives to combat IUU by combining compliance measures (Monitoring Control and Surveillance plus awareness building among consumers and producers) with the provision of alternative livelihoodsYesFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowThe WECAFC Regional working Group on IUU has held 3 meetings over the last 2 years. In the 3rd meeting held in Barbados 26-28 September one of the main objectives was to develop a Regional Plan of Action on IUU (RPOA-IUU). This work was continued at a workshop for the identification of regional provisions that was held 6-7 March 2019. Based on this work by the WG on IUU. with support from an international consultant, the FAO Fisheries Division and the WECAFC Secretariat the RPOA-IUU was prepared and reviewed. THE RPOA-IUU was presented and adopted at the 17th WECAFC Session held in July 20197/20/2019FAO CLME+ Subproject on shrimp and groundfish of the NBSLME and REBYC-II LAC
6.10 Develop and implement initiatives for sustainably enhancing livelihoods by identifying and building capacity for diversification, viable alternative sources of Decent Work and/or improved incomes, and creating added value for current catchesNoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressMediumSome fish and gorundfish fisheris are overexploited and have high levels of bycatch. This leads to conflict, bidiversity losses and poor incomes/livelihoods. The goal of the Action is to enchance livleihoods by either exploring other productive activities or enhancing existing value chains to add value or decrease losses6/30/2019REBYC-II LAC
6.11 Develop and implement sub-regional EAF management plans for shared fishery resources along the Guianas-Brazil ShelfYesFAO WECAFCGood ProgressLowIn early 2019 a Letter of Agreement was signed with the Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (CERMES) for the development of a sub-regional management plan for the shrimp and ground-fish resources, CERMES has been working on drafting the plan and the first draft was presented in stakeholder virtual meetings held in Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. A reviewed plan was prepared and it is to be presented for endorsement at the 4th Meeting of the WG on shrimp and ground-fish and a back to back high level sub-regional meeting in mid November 2020.9/15/2020FAO CLME+ Subproject on shrimp and groundfish of the NBSLME
6.11 Develop and implement sub-regional EAF management plans for shared fishery resources along the Guianas-Brazil ShelfNoFAO WECAFCModerate ProgressLowA draft strategy was reviewed by the Shrimp and Groundfish working group. It is currently being updated so it may be re-submitted. 10/16/2019REBYC-II LAC
5A.2 Establish and operationalise a formal agreement between the CRFM and France on the management of the flyingfish fisheriesYesCRFM SecretariatGood ProgressMediumDraft coperation agreement for the management of living marine resources (including flyingfish) has been developed with input from stakeholders (including some French) and approved by CRFM Ministerial Council for final negotiation to proceed5/29/2020CLME+
3.7 Facilitate the preparation of data and information products and the uptake of monitoring and research outputs by (sub)regional and national science-policy interfacesNoICM SecretariatGood ProgressMedium1. In 2017 an "Interim Coordination Mechanism" (CLME+ ICM), consisting of 8 IGO's with a marine-related mandate in the wider Caribbean region was created. The ICM has among its core functions: "Collaborative development of a State of the Marine Ecosystems and associated Economies" reporting mechanism, and the active promotion of its institutionalization as a means to bridge the science-policy gap. 2. In the coming years (2021-2022), the ICM is expected to transit into, or be replaced by a formally established, long-term ocean coordination mechanism for the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems. This "PROCARIBE" (currently proposed name) Coordination Mechanism has as part of its proposed core functions: "Providing a platform for cyclical Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis/Strategic Action Programme (鈥淭DA/SAP鈥) processes, including the coordination of the periodic assessment of and reporting on the state of the marine environment and associated economies in the MOU Area and the monitoring, periodic evaluation and revision of MoU Area SAPs". 3. The UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project (2015-2021) has facilitated the development, by selected IGO members and with the contributions of others, and in alignment with each IGO's formal mandate, of a number of sub-reports, as well as a number of "thematic briefs", which, taken together, are now considered to constitute a first practical delivery on the "SOMEE" concept. These sub-reports, of which the production of their first-ever edition has been facilitated by the CLME+ Project, and which have also helped e.g. UNEP CEP fulfil its formal reporting obligations under the LBS and SPAW Protocols, are seen as the building blocks for what is to become a regular, periodic integrated SOMEE reporting effort, coordinated by the (I)CM Secretariat and co-owned by its Membership (a partial, prototype integrated "SOMEE" report is currently under development through the CLME+ Project). The SOMEE reporting efforts are meant to support the development, and monitoring and evaluation of implementation progress, of regional and sub-regional Strategic Action Programmes and Plans, and associated IGO Work Programmes. 4. Major challenges faced in the context of the "SOMEE" efforts relate to the absence of a consolidated marine data infrastructure in the region that would facilitate access to key data sets, as well as to the persistence of important data and information gaps. The CLME+ Project Coordination Unit is currently in the process of elaborating the Terms of Reference for a baseline study aimed at supporting the progressive development of a solid "Marine Data/Information Infrastructure" for the region; such ehanced infrastructure will be key to enhanced decision-making, and associated reporting efforts.1/15/2021CLME+, IWECO
1.2 Establish and strengthen regional institutional coordination and cooperation arrangementsNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowThe Secretariat has formalized Host Agreements with the Government of France, Curacao and Trinidad and Tobago for hosting of Regional Activity Centres to the Convention. A host agreement with the Government of Cuba is being finalized. An agreement was made with the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) to co0-host the Regional Caribbean Marine Litter Node. Other formal MOUs have been finalized with several regional and extra regional institutions including the OSPAR Commission, GCFI, CATHALAC, INVERMAR, Ocean Foundation and being reviewed for CARIBMEPA and CARPHA. Cooperation is ongoing with Global MEAs in particular as a member of the Plastics Working Group of the BASEL Convention and in support of the Convention on Biological Biodiversity, RAMSAR and CITES. RAC REMPEITC, the Regional Activity Centre for Oil Spills facilitates cooperation with the IMO and all the maritime conventions in particular MARPOL, London and Ballast Water. Direct partnership with a number of regional agencies to facilitate project implementation including CARICOM/CARPHA, OECS, CANARI, CWWA, CAWASA, NOAA, GCFI, IUCN, TNC, IDB, World Bank, CDB and in the production of joint reports.2/3/2021Core work of the Secretariat as well as projects s such as CLME+, CReW+, IWEco and ACP MEA
1.3 Evaluate expansion and strengthening of the mandate of organizations to effectively address issues relating to habitat degradation and pollution in the marine environmentNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumThe Secretariat is working to have other IGOs and Regional NGOs recognize the importance of addressing habitat degradation and pollution reduction and control through a variety of mechanisms including: (1) Knowledge Management Products - Development of State of Convention Area Report on Pollution and Marine Habitat including associated Regional Habitat and Nutrients Pollution Reduction Strategies; (2) Design and implementation of national projects focusing on habitats and pollution including integrated Ecosystem Based Management Approaches; (3) Webinars and presentations at high level Ministerial Fora including Meetings of Ministers with responsibility for Water, Solid Waste and the LAC Ministerial Fora; (4) Partnerships with other organizations that may not have had habitat restoration and pollution as a high priority activity. In that regard, several agencies including TNC, IUCN, among others are now focusing on wastewater and plastics pollution, UNECLAC is working on reporting on SDG 6 and integrated water and wastewater management and many other organizations are considering how to add the issue of pollution and habitat to the core agenda especially the Fisheries bodies such as FAO, CRFM, OSPESCA, WECAFC2/3/2021IWEco, CLME+, ACP MEA
1.4 Enhance the compliance and enforcement capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national governance arrangementsNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressLowMost of the projects and activities support Contracting Parties in enhancing the institutional, policy, institutional and legal frameworks in order to comply with specific national obligations for the Convention, its Protocols and related MEAs. These form an integral part of all of the projects developed by the Secretariat including those funding by the GEF and is an ongoing process. This includes through institutionalized, formal, informal and online training, development of tool boxes, development of model legislation and regulations, as well as laboratory and field exercises. This is an ongoing process and reflected either in the achievement of project targets or in national country reports provided by Contracting Parties to the Secretariat every two years.2/3/2021IWEco, CReW+, ACP MEA
1.11 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub 鈥搑egional and national governance arrangements for the monitoring, assessment and reporting on the state of the marine environment.NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumIn the development of reports such as CEP Technical Report 33, 52 and more recently with the development of the State of Marine Pollution Report and Marine Habitat Report, many countries remained challenge to provide quality and timely data and information. With the support of RACs and specialized agencies who form part of the RAC and through multiple projects, the Secretariat has provided technical support to design national monitoring and assessment programmes, in the development of national and regional data bases and information management platforms, in the development of harmonized methodologies for monitoring and assessment and identification of parameters for inclusion in future monitoring programmes including consideration of indicators and targets.2/3/2021IWEco, CLME+, ACP MEA, CReW+
3.7 Facilitate the preparation of data and information products and the uptake of monitoring and research outputs by (sub)regional and national science-policy interfacesNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumThe Secretariat has a Communications, Education, Training and Awareness Programme and a series of ongoing activities to capture lessons learned and best practices from its projects and to compile these as Case Studies, Policy Briefs, Fact Sheets and Video Clips that are presented to high level decision making fora. The Secretariat has been able to have representation at regional and sub-regional Ministerial Meetings but there needs to be greater collaboration and coordination to ensure consistent messages to these fora from multiple agencies involved in coeans governance. Analysis and recommendations have also been provided for the development and sustainable use of national and/or regional data bases and information platforms as well as reporting indicators.2/3/2021IWEco, CReW+, CLME+, ACP MEA
1.9 Strengthen the capacity of the regional and sub-regional arrangements to support countries in becoming parties to relevant international and regional agreements and complying with their global and regional commitments towards the conservation of the marine environment (including the support to update and harmonize national legislation and regulations)NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressLowOne of the core mandates of the Secretariat is to promote ratification and effective implementation of the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols as well as related MEAs, regional and global commitments on marine biodiversity and marine pollution. There has been an increased ratification of the Convention (only two countries are not parties - Suriname and Haiti) as well as for the Protocols. National Country Reports reflect greater efforts to implement the provisions of the Convention and the Protocol as well as related sub-regional, regional and global commitments.2/3/2021IWEco, CReW+, CLME+, ACP MEA
1.5 Establish and/or enhance the capacity of the regional, sub-regional and national governance arrangements for the involvement of civil society in the implementation of the EBM/EAF approach (IGOs, NGOs, CBOs, private sector...)NoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatGood ProgressHighFull engagement and involvement of civil society is a critical part of the work of UNEP and the Cartagena Convention Secretariat. External and Donor funded projects by the GEF and the EU require consultation and support of civil society in their development and implementation as well as in their Governance Mechanisms for example Steering Ctee Meetings. It is difficult to make an overall assessment as the level of civil society engagement is very variable country to country and even for specific projects. As a Secretariat, we have directly partnered with various civil society organization e.g. CANARI and CYEN who have supported our projects and activities.2/3/2021IWEco, CLME+, CReW+, ACP MEA
1.6 Enhance the capacity within and among arrangements to undertake and mainstream lessons learned and findings from monitoring, science and research in regional, sub-regional and national decision-makingNoUNEP Cartagena Convention SecretariatModerate ProgressMediumThe Secretariat has made a concerted effort to better document the results of monitoring, science and research from our projects and activities into fact sheetsm infographics, case studies, policy briefs, technical papers, experience notes and lessons learned including through videos. This is a requirement particularly when such activities are implemented within the framework of a GEF funded project. While these are used directly to inform the decision-making process at the level of the Convention (Regional), there are many of regional and sub-regional decision making processes where the dissemination of these results are more challenging due mainly to lack of resources.2/3/2021IWEco, CReW+, ACP MEA, CLME+
5A.2 Establish and operationalise a formal agreement between the CRFM and France on the management of the flyingfish fisheriesYesCRFM SecretariatGood ProgressMediumSeveral steps to enhance the partnership between CRFM and France with regards to Eastern Caribbean flyingfish fisheries have taken place. A draft (technical/management) Cooperation Agreement with France (Martinique) has been developed) and is included as Annex E to the Eastern Caribbean Flyingfish Fishery Management Plan 2020-2025. The CRFM Ministerial Council has approved the process going forward toward its final negotiation, approval and signature, noting that this process may, perforce, have to continue post-subproject. The subproject hosted meetings where stakeholders provided input and feedback on the partnership development process and other subproject outputs; including a special meeting of the WECAFC Working Group on Flyingfish (in October 2018,(including representatives of the French authorities/agencies) and a regional consultation of flyingfish (in May 2019, also attended by representatives of the French authorities/agencies), as well as supporting the 3rd Meeting of the CRFM鈥檚 Ministerial Sub-Committee on Flyingfish (MSCFF). Ongoing work will seek to continue post sub project to strengthen collaboration.2/4/2021ECFFMP Annex E
5A.3 Operationalise and strengthen an integrated, sub-regional decision support system (DSS) for the flyingfish fisheries (in coordination with the large pelagics arrangements)YesCRFM SecretariatCompletedLowAll be done through the CLME+ subproject #3 EAF for flyingfish fisheries2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
5A.4 Strengthen the FAO-WECAFC and CRFM capacity to develop, adopt and implement management and conservation measures for the flyingfish fisheries (full policy cycle implementation)NoCRFM SecretariatCompletedLowThese are all outputs of the CLME+ flyingfish sub project2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project
NoCRFM SecretariatGood ProgressMediumWhile the flyingfish subproject has endeavoured to do these things and has produced tehproducts outlined above, this ongoing process needs to be taken further in-country and by other regional and sub-regional entities. 2/4/2021CLME+ Flyingfish Sub-Project

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